Machu Picchu is one of the wonders of the world and is one of the main attractions in Peru. Most of the people who visit the Andean country are here to visit this wonderful Inca complex. But what do you know about this place? There is much that is known and unknown about this magical place, but there are things that are quite good. That is why together with Machu Travel Peru we will begin to tell you about some impressive Machu Picchu facts.
25 IMPRESSIVE MACHU PICCHU FACTS
1.- First of all, Machu Picchu is described as a fairly ancient Inca citadel. So what does Machu Picchu mean? Machu Picchu means “Old Peak” or “Old mountain”.
2.- Machu Picchu is considered one of the best archaeological treasures in Peru. It is one of the wonders of the world and also a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
3.- It was part of the Inca Empire. One of the largest in ancient America, covering Argentina, Colombia, Bolivia, Chile, and Ecuador. The empire ended in the Spanish invasions approximately in the year 1533.
4.- Within the complex, there is more than one hiking option available. Machu Picchu mountain and Huayna Picchu mountain are some of them.
5.- The reason for abandonment remains a mystery to historians. Over time this city was forgotten and only the locals knew of its location.
6.- It takes a little effort to get there. Unless you take the train, getting to the citadel can be a struggle. There are different alternatives such as the Inca Trail or the Salkantay Trek. Despite the time it takes, the reward is unique.
7.- Machu Picchu was used as an ancient observatory, the sacred structure is known as Intihuatana indicated when the two equinoxes of the year happened.
8.- The Spanish invaders never found it during their invasions. But if you want to discover it and visit it, you can take our numerous Machu Picchu tours.
9.- It is a marvel of engineering. The construction of the complex has impressed many scholars. A technique called ashlar was used (stones cut to fit without mortar).
10.- Part of the structure works like a clock. It was not only used as an observatory, but it was also used as a watch. The structures are known as The Temple of the Sun, The Intihuatana, and the temple of the three windows. This is one of the best Machu Picchu facts available.
11.- You can have your passport stamped at the entrance. You can enjoy various stamps in your passport within Peru. Lima’s airport will be the starting point of your adventure!. Lima to Machu Picchu distance is around 5 to 6 hours, considering a local flight from Lima to Cusco, then a mixture of trains and road transportation.
12.- Their masonry skills were considered very advanced for the time. The way the stones were placed and cut is so perfect that it doesn’t even seem human-made. Still, they were made by the Incas, and it is precise because of these constructions that they are considered a great Empire.
13.- Machu Picchu was only known by locals until its discovery. It was Hiram Bingham who discovered the site in 1911, guided by locals.
14.- The complex has more than 100 sets of separate stairs. Most of the individual stairs were carved from a stone slab.
15.- It is made up of more than 150 buildings ranging from houses, bathrooms, and even sanctuary houses. If you are planning a trip to Machu Picchu, you cannot miss this wonderful complex.
16.- No wheels were used to transport the stones. This is one of the most impressive facts about the complex. Although many of the stones weighed heavily, the stones are believed to have been pushed by hundreds of men through the steep slope.
17.- It is one of the last surviving citadels to the invasions of the Spaniards. Many of the Machu Picchu vacation deals will explain this as you tour the complex. Unfortunately, numerous Inca cities were destroyed by the conquest. But thanks to the hidden location of Machu Picchu, the site was never discovered.
18.- The citadel is divided into two parts according to the Inca tradition: Hanan and Hurin. Hanan was what was above, while Hurin was what was inside or the bottom of the empire.
19.- They built more than 600 terraces to avoid slipping of the structure. To prevent the entire structure of the complex from collapsing, these terraces were built, and that had never been heard or seen at the time. This is one of the most wonderful Machu Picchu facts.
20.- The roads and trails built by the Incas rivaled those of Rome. They built over 18,000 miles of paved roads, bridges, and other types of trails.
21.- It is better prepared for an earthquake than California. To combat the fact that the area of Peru is quite susceptible to earthquakes, every building in Machu Picchu was constructed earthquake-proof. When Earthquakes occur, the stones of Machu Picchu are said to “dance”.
22.- Most of the stones that were used to build the complex weighed more than 50 tons. This is one of the Machu Picchu facts that surprises most of the scholars.
23.- Originally the explorer Hiram Bingham thought that he found the lost city of Vilcabamba. Upon encountering Machu Picchu, Hiram Bingham thought he was at the last refuge of the Incas.
24.- According to scholars, Machu Picchu was a real estate. Despite the many doubts and debates surrounding the Inca complex, many believe that it was a real estate created by Pachacutec.
25.- There are two possible ways to go to the archaeological complex: via train or through the incredible Inca Trail. For this reason, it is recommended that you make your Machu Picchu reservations since the tickets usually are sold out very quickly.
“THE BIGGEST RISK IN LIFE IS NOT TAKING ONE”
We hope together with Machu Travel Peru to have quenched your curiosity regarding the archaeological complex. Still, there is much that is unknown about the Inca citadel. We hope this has encouraged your future travel plans. If you have any questions or queries, you can contact our advisors.