The Wonder of the World is one of the most anticipated destinations for the different tourists who visit Peru. We all know how incredible and surprising the views of the attraction can be, but where is Machu Picchu located? The truth is that the beautiful Machu Picchu is located within a quite particular geographical area.
Its location is precisely one of the reasons why this architectural marvel stands out even more. And Machu Picchu is located in which country? It will sound obvious, but it is in Peru, the Andean country. That is why together with the experts from Machu Travel Peru, we prepared an article where we explain in-depth Where is Machu Picchu located?. Join us to discover the rugged region that is home to one of the modern wonders of the world.
Everything about where is Machu Picchu located and its main characteristics
- A treasure lost in oblivion
- Coordinates and extension of Machu Picchu
- Strategic location
- The weather in the citadel
- Take a walk by Machu Picchu
- Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Protected area)
- How to get to Machu Picchu
A treasure lost in oblivion
The Inca citadel remained in oblivion for many years until the arrival of the explorer Hiram Bingham. There is a very good reason why the city remained a secret for so long, in fact for many centuries. One of the reasons why the site is very inaccessible is that it is located almost 2200 meters above sea level and is located between two mountains, Huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu. The citadel is located right in the high Andes, central-south region. So it’s no wonder the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu remained a secret for hundreds of years. It was like this until an American explorer came across a boy who knew a hidden place in the jungle and led weary explorers to the now-famous site.
Coordinates and extension of Machu Picchu
- So, where is Machu Picchu located? It is about thirteen degrees south of the equator and surrounded on three sides by the Urubamba River, at the province of Urubamba, Cusco political department, in Peru.
- And where is Machu Picchu located on the coordinate map? This site is located at 13 º 9 ’ 47 ’’ S and 72 º 32 ’ 44 ’ ’W, in the province of Urubamba. The closest city to the citadel is Cusco. If you are going to visit Machu Picchu, you will have to go there.
- Machu Picchu is located about fifty miles northwest of Cusco, the Imperial City. It is located right on the side of a mountain and about a thousand meters below the city of Cusco.
- The archaeological complex of the “Lost City” has an area of approximately 10 hectares. While the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu extends over an area of 32,592 hectares. That is about 80,535 acres, a figure that translates to about 325.29 km2, 125.83 m2.
From the moment that the explorer Hiram Bingham came across the wonderful Inca citadel in 1911, he could understand the importance of its strategic location. Any guide will explain to you that the environment where it is located is just as important as the ruins themselves. This is one of the lesser-known Machu Picchu facts. The entire sanctuary was designed to connect with other significant sacred sites. And a large part of recent research shows that where is Machu Picchu located and the orientation of the different constructions was influenced by its cosmovision and spirituality.
A large part of the sacred constructions was intended to point to the location of the nearby sacred mountains. For the Incas, the mountains or Apus were guardians and essential deities to whom they worship. By way of illustration, at the top of Huayna Picchu, you can see a stone in the shape of an arrow. This seems to point south, crossing the Intihuatana sight towards Mount Salkantay. The Salkantay is one of the most revered Apus within Inca cosmology and thought. During the most important days of the Inca calendar, the sun can be seen rising or setting behind other important peaks.
The weather in the citadel
Its location makes the climate much milder and more tropical. Machu Picchu is one of the most visited tourist attractions in Latin America, and that is why most people decide to visit Peru. Don’t worry about the best time to visit Machu Picchu, the complex is available throughout the year. Also, within the different tours in Peru, you will have the possibility to visit this as other archaeological complexes.
Take a walk by Machu Picchu
If you were wondering why is famous Machu Picchu. Well, the answer may be a bit long. The citadel has several and varied attractions. From its wonderful ruins to its different agricultural terraces. Everything is charming in this place. Its views, its buildings, its location, its way of getting there, and its history, among other things. The ruins themselves have a prominent view of two surrounding valleys. Its water supply comes from nearby natural springs, and it had enough surrounding land and terraces to grow food and supply food to the local population when Machu Picchu was inhabited.
On a guided tour, you can learn about this incredible architectural complex. If you were wondering what Machu Picchu is exactly, then in a guided tour, you will answer this and many more questions. But we recommend visiting the citadel once you have known the many things to do in Sacred Valley. And to avoid any setbacks, it is advisable to take an organized tour that already includes your qualified guide, transportation, and tickets.
Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Protected area)
The Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is a Nature Reserve that has many species of wildlife and is well known for its flowers and plants. The location of Machu Picchu allows a few different areas to exist in the sanctuary. The Machu Picchu Sanctuary protects numerous endangered biological species and other Inca settlements. Its beneficial location protects both Andean grasslands, tall forests, tall dwarf forests, and cloud forests among other places. Therefore, the Machu Picchu tours are increasing year after year, for its great diversity of habitats that has given rise to the astonishing diversity of flora and fauna.
Due to its privileged location, the climate is quite mild throughout the year. Between November and March, you can expect quite rainy weather. Between April to October, it is much hotter and drier.
How to get to Machu Picchu
If you are wondering about how to get to Machu Picchu, then you are in the right place. There are numerous ways and alternatives to get to where Machu Picchu is located. First and foremost, you should get to the Lima international airport and then continue your trip by plane or bus to Cusco. Most international flights arrive late to Lima, so you may need to spend the night in Lima before continuing to Cusco. This can be an excellent opportunity to get to know the many high-end restaurants and beautiful neighborhoods.
Once you arrive in Cusco, you may want to stay for a few days to acclimatize to the altitude and see all that Cusco has to offer. You can choose to tour the city ruins, churches, and colonial temples. Not far from Cusco is the Sacred Valley of the Incas, where there are many ruins to see and a great market to spend a day exploring and doing those important purchases. It is also an excellent place to stay and acclimatize in a better way.
Train or hike
Machu Picchu has two main options to get to the citadel. There are not so many options due to its remote location. Even, there are no roads where a car can get to. You can only take the train to Machu Picchu or do one of the different hikes available. If you plan to take the train, you will arrive in Aguas Calientes, the gateway to the citadel. From there, you’ll find yourself about a 20-minute bus ride from the actual attraction. Then the rest of the day you will spend inside the Inca Ruins, where you will enjoy a guided tour on the Machu Picchu map.
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We hope together with the experts of Machu Travel Peru to have been useful. When planning a trip to Machu Picchu, you’ll need time and patience. Especially because getting to where is Machu Picchu located is an experience in itself. Being in the middle of the clouds, reaching the citadel will be part of the experience. Why not start organizing your journey right now? Our qualified consultants will be happy to help you plan the trip of your dreams. Don’t miss out on Peru and all the wonderful things it has to offer. Our team of consultants will be happy to help you fulfill your dreams.