Traveling is one of life’s great experiences; going to exotic destinations can be exciting. Going to Peru is no exception with many great places waiting for you to experience. Peru is one of the most bio diverse places on the planet, with three distinct zones that complete the country. Without a doubt, the most popular place to visit in Peru is Machu Picchu. The ancient Inca site has held a fascination for many years for tourists and scientists alike. Many of you may know a little about the ruin and many of you may know nothing, so get to know what Machu Picchu is here with our Machu Picchu Map.
Machu Picchu located in the middle of the Andes mountain range on the side of a valley that was made by the Urubamba River. It is located 2360 meters above sea level. The Inca citadel is located 130 kilometers North West of the Inca heartland city of Cusco.
Machu Picchu is divided into 3 areas, the Sacred Neighborhood that includes the Intiwatana, The Temple of the Sun and the Room of the Three Windows. The second sector is where the Priests and Nobilities residential area is located and the third sector is at the southern part of the site and is where the local people lived.
There are many things that you must not miss on your tour starting with Intihuatana or the Hitching Post of the Sun; this carved rock was likely use by Inca astronomers to predict solstices. It survived as the Spanish never discovered Machu Picchu. They destroyed all the similar stones all throughout the Inca Empire.
The Temple of the Three Windows, which has a great view of Machu Picchu below through the three trapezoidal windows. The fact that there are three windows is rare in Inca Architecture and it is thought that they have some special significance.
The Temple of the Sun is the rounded tower that is best viewed from above; the temple features some of Machu Picchu´s finest stonework that was used for astronomical purposes.
Thought to have special ceremonial purpose, the Royal Tomb is a natural rock cave that sits below the Temple of the Sun. You are not allowed to enter but can view the step alter from the front entrance.
On the other side of Machu Picchu there is the Temple of the Condor, see the head carving and the rocks that resemble the wings. Not to be missed as an interesting part of Machu Picchu.
In the center of the ruin is the Central Plaza, here you will see llamas eating the grass. In Inca times the Plaza was used as the ceremonial sector of Machu Picchu, in front of the Plaza you will see the residential sector.
The peak that you will see in all the photos of Machu Picchu is called Huayna Picchu. To take this hike you will need an extra ticket that will cost you around US$20 and around 3 hours roundtrip. The view from the top of Huayna Picchu is worth the hike. Take care when climbing as sometimes the steps can be slippery. Make sure you book in advance as the tickets for Huayna Picchu sell out quickly.
For the adventurous among you, you may consider doing the Machu Picchu hike. There are several different hikes to consider, the most famous being the Inca Trail. This hike features 4 days of hard trekking but the rewards are endless. Most of these treks end in Machu Picchu with a guided tour.
For those of you wondering what is the best time to go to Machu Picchu, there is no right or wrong answer to this question. Machu Picchu has two seasons, the wet and the dry season. The wet season is from November to April and it does rain daily. The upside to the wet season is that there are less people visiting Machu Picchu and the ruin is more relaxed. You will need to bring wet weather shoes and a raincoat, but as long as you have the right equipment, you will be fine. The dry season is from May to October, in these months it is also considered the high season and there are plenty of people visiting and you will have to queue. The positive of the dry season is that the weather is perfect and the sky is the most amazing blue.
Some of the things that you cannot forget during a visit to Machu Picchu are that there are now two entrance times to enter the ruin; you will need either a morning ticket or an afternoon ticket. You cannot enter the ruin without an official guide, but this is a good thing, as you will learn some of the history of the ruin. Walking poles are not allowed, they will be taken from you at the gate. You are allowed to take snacks and water into the site but no food is allowed.
You might not be aware at Machu Picchu there are small biting insects, you will not feel them biting you but you will be itchy for a week after, so take your repellent with you.
We hope you have enjoyed our Machu Picchu Map and do some reading before you take you trip to Machu Picchu, the benefits will be many. Book your tour to Machu Picchu today.