There is a lot to see in Peru. Peru’s geographic diversity, with its coastline, rivers, and forests, provides a plethora of tourist and cultural opportunities. The melting pot of cultures and races has given rise to an enormous gastronomic diversity, largely inspired by Chinese and Japanese culture. You will know an endless number of attractions, natural landscapes and some historical sites of great importance. One of the most interesting aspects to highlight is that you will not need a visa to enter the territory. So you will have up to 183 days of stay to enjoy our beautiful country. Without a doubt, the Andean country is one of the best places to vacation with friends, both with family and independent trips. Peru is a must-see tourist destination, and therefore, together with Machu Travel Peru, we have prepared an article where we delve into the Peru tourist map.
The Peru tourist map could be divided into departments and provinces. The Andean country is politically and administratively organized in these terms. It has 24 departments and more than 32 million inhabitants. Its current capital is the famous city of Lima, also known as the City of Kings. Peru shares borders with the countries of Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Bolivia, and Chile. In addition, it has an extensive coastline on the Pacific Ocean.
Everything you need to know about the Peru tourist map
ABOUT THE MAP OF PERU
Although it is not considered a formal division, Peru is known to be divided into three main regions: Costa, Sierra, and Selva. The mountains are like a kind of backbone that divides the country into the other two regions. The majority of the country’s population chooses to live in coastal cities. Thanks to its relief and the geographical position of the Peru tourist map, you can find a great variety of ecosystems and wildlife. On the map, you can find a wide variety of national parks, reserves, sanctuaries, and forests. In addition to the historical sanctuaries, reserved areas, and communal reserves that have been proposed to protect the incredible biodiversity. There are many things to know before traveling to Peru, so you should check them within our articles.
The capital of Peru was founded by Francisco Pizarro during the year 1535. The beautiful City of the Kings, today has around 9 million inhabitants and is one of the most populated cities in Latin America. In 1988, the historic center of Lima was declared by UNESCO as historical heritage of humanity. This is thanks to its historical places, streets, monasteries, and beautiful churches where colonial religious art abounds. Its historic center is an essential stop for anyone looking to get to know Peru. A great recommendation is to walk on foot, enjoy the different attractions and old houses. If you can, organize a guided city tour. In this, you will learn a lot about the most important places in the city. Before enjoying the different Machu Picchu tours, make sure to explore this beautiful city.
Most likely, this will be your first stop within the Peru tourist map. Most international flights usually land in this magical place. The city has a wide variety of districts, some more popular than others. But if you are a newcomer, we recommend that you visit Miraflores and Barranco. Callao is another of the coastal districts with more history within Lima. But it is recommended that you be quite cautious, as the district can be a bit dangerous when it comes to crime. Despite this, Lima should be considered a great place to enjoy holidays in Peru.
The beautiful city of Huaraz is one of the most important Andean cities on the Peru tourist map. This is one of the postcards that you will keep with great appreciation in your scrapbook. It is located in the Callejón de Huaylas valley, in northern Peru. While guarded by the imposing snowy Huascarán, one of the highest peaks in Peru. It is an important center of commerce and tourism, highlighted thanks to its adventure sports opportunities. Very close to this city is the Huascarán National Park. Also declared as a natural heritage of humanity by UNESCO. The Park has some privileged landscapes that include snow-capped mountains, lagoons, archaeological sites, and thermal baths among others. An opportunity that you cannot miss on the Peru tourist map.
The small coastal town of Paracas is a famous tourist center excellent for relaxation. You can find the city on the south coast of the Peru tourist map. Within the department of Ica, very close to other incredible places such as Huacachina. Among the attractions around you can find archaeological remains, the Ballestas Islands, and the same reserve that is worth visiting. Paracas undoubtedly offers a great variety of things. Spas, deserts, peninsulas, remote beaches, bays, and a culture reflected in its archaeological remains.
The city has a huge hotel presence, where you will find luxury and budget alternatives. In addition, you can enjoy some recommended restaurants with delicious seafood dishes. Make sure you enjoy the many organized activities and tours. But before, you should check on visiting Peru with all the necessary items.
Another great place to explore within the Peru tourist map is the Nazca lines. To the south of Peru, in the Nazca desert, you can find this series of geoglyphs. This site is one of the great mysteries of the world. Right in the desert, you can find these incisions in the ground that represent different lines, figures, and geometric shapes. The lines offer one of the best shows for those fans of mystery and conspiracy theories. Although its purpose and objective are unclear, numerous theories have emerged in an attempt to solve the riddle. Many of these figures measure between 50 and 300 meters and are best visible from the air. Being able to enjoy a flight over the lines is one of the most unforgettable tours in Peru you can do.
Arequipa is another of the most important tourist destinations on the Peruvian map. It is also known as the White City due to its characteristic architecture. It is located between the coast and the southern highlands of Peru. This beautiful city is the second most inhabited after the capital and has many attractions. From prominent volcanoes like Misti to deep canyons like Colca and Cotahuasi, and much more. You will find a great variety of hikes in Peru. It is an ideal place for lovers of nature and open spaces. You will not only find great historical sites, but also museums, and an extensive culture to know.
It is advisable to visit the Plaza de Armas in Arequipa. Considered by many to be the most beautiful central square in South America. Surrounded by numerous historical buildings such as the Cathedral, the Church of the Company, and much more. It is also advisable that you visit the beautiful Santa Catalina Monastery, a small citadel within the city. In addition, you can taste traditional dishes characteristic of the region. You cannot miss the Rocoto Relleno or the Chupe de Camarones, among other dishes. An essential place to know.
Cusco is a must-see destination and one of the most popular tourist centers among travelers. The Imperial City is another of the historical Patrimonies of humanity that Peru has. It was declared by UNESCO in 1983. This was the ancient capital of the Inca Empire, hence its great importance within the Peru tourist map. It is located in the middle of the Peruvian Andes, about 3,400 meters above sea level. This wonderful city offers a wide variety of activities, sites, and places of importance to explore. Having been the main seat of the ancient Inca Empire, archaeological sites abound.
The nearby Sacred Valley is another nearby place that is worth knowing. In its extensive geography, you will find traditional towns, archaeological complexes, and Andean culture at its best. And not to mention the different adventure sports in the Sacred Valley. One of the places that everyone seeks to know is Machu Picchu. To get to the Inca citadel, you will inevitably have to pass through Cusco and the Valley. So it is advisable to enjoy a few days exploring the heart of the Empire. In addition, you will be able to acclimatize better to the altitude.
“TRUE NAVIGATION BEGINS IN THE HUMAN HEART. IT’S THE MOST IMPORTANT MAP OF ALL.”
As you will see, the Peru tourist map has much more to offer than its well-known places. Even here we have tried to list the most essential places to visit. But the truth is that you will find many destinations and places of great attraction in the Andean country. The tourist map of Peru is a place worth knowing. We hope together with Machu Travel Peru to have been helpful. If you want to know more about the different routes, you can consult with our team of qualified advisers. With our years of experience in the sector, we know what a trip to Peru needs. Feel confident and let us help you fulfill the trip of your dreams!