peruvian coffee

Peruvian Coffee is often underrated by the competition from our adjacent South American neighbors. But in recent years, coffee from the Andean lands has become very popular. The methods and production of Coffee have seen great innovations in both quality and quantity. Fortunately, with colleagues from Machu Travel Peru, we know very well about our Cafe. For this reason, we have prepared a small article about the main characteristics of Peruvian Coffee. Here’s our take on everything related to this delicious coffee.

Despite being a lesser-known coffee producer, Peru is not new to growing coffee. And it is not a small-scale producer, either. Matter of fact, during 2017 Peru was the tenth-largest producer in the world. Peru was one of the first countries in Latin America to start producing coffee. Therefore, it is considered a producer of unique grains. Peruvian Coffee has recently become very popular. And together with our team, we want to tell you everything about it.

Coffee in Peru: All about one of the best coffees in the world

Why Peruvian Coffee Is so good

peruvian coffee where to buy

Is Peruvian coffee good? We can tell you that it is simply delicious. A lot of Peruvian coffee beans tend to be soft and light-bodied. Peruvian coffee beans are anything but tasteless, and they have exciting flavor profiles that can vary greatly in taste and quality. Depending on the crop variations, the flavors and tones can change. Resulting in an explosion of different textures and aromas.

Coffee arrived in Peru more than 200 years ago, when a few settlers sought to try their luck with the cultivation. And with the incredible results that were obtained in neighboring countries, Peru turned out to be an alternative with great potential. Currently, Peruvian coffee is one of the main agricultural export products, along with cocoa. If you are also looking to try the delicious Peruvian Cacao, then a visit to the Chocomuseo in Cusco may satisfy your curiosity. Inside the museum, you can not only have a culinary experience like no other, but you can also try some workshops available.

Flavor profiles

peruvian coffee characteristics

But what is Peruvian coffee? The variety produced within our country is distinguished for several reasons. In Peru, two general flavor profiles can be appreciated. But Peru has a great variety of extraordinary grains that go far beyond these two profiles. Nowadays, with the great growth of the international coffee market, producers have the opportunity to show off their crops. Production was previously limited by poor infrastructure, but this is no longer the case.

  • Strictly hard beans (cultivated more than 1350 meters above sea level): Some lower elevations farms in Peru tend to produce coffee with mild acidity. Especially in the lands located near the border between Peru and Ecuador. The coffee beans there feature soft flavor notes of flowers, soft fruits, and nuts. In addition to having a medium body.
  • Hard beans (cultivated between 1200 and 1350 meters above sea level): But once you start heading deep into the Andes, the coffee starts to take on bright acidity. Especially in the farms that surround Machu Picchu and Cusco. The coffee from the Andes has floral aromas and sweet flavors. The grains here are characteristic of being of special grade. There is no doubt that the great advance that the coffee industry saw is related to the Peruvian gastronomy revolution.

A little history about coffee

peruvian coffee red beans

The region of Peru was one of the first to start growing coffee. It is believed that around the middle of the 18th century the region already had its plants. It is not yet known with certainty why Peru was first than Central America to produce coffee. But there is evidence that locally produced grains were enjoyed during those years. Although production grew considerably during the 1700s and 1800s, not much was exported. Virtually no coffee beans were exported, and very few of them made it to the United States. But in the late 1800s, a plague in Indonesia and its neighboring countries decimated the coffee industry in Asia. This led many European buyers to seek other alternatives to meet the demand for coffee. It is there that Peru took on a leading role in the coffee world.

Peruvian coffee abroad

peruvian coffee sacks

During the first decade of the 1900s, there was a great expansion in the coffee industry. Allowing them to begin to export grains on a large scale. England also began to produce in the lands of Peru. And quickly, coffee began to represent 60% of exports in Peru. This greatly boosted the country’s economy. But not everything is forever. And with the appearance of two world wars, England chose to sell its projects in Peru. The lands were distributed to thousands of local farmers. Which gave farmers much more autonomy and independence. But at the same time, the commercial industry became much less international and connected to the world. The farms no longer had a large production system. The biodiversity in Peru and its extended lands of coffee production not were enough.

Towards the end of the 20th century, Peru was not so competitive in the coffee world due to its lack of infrastructure and little knowledge about processing methods. Due to the lack of know-how, potential coffee buyers in Peru were lost, weakening the great potential of the Coffee industry. Due to the continuous years of guerrilla warfare and great focus on cocoa crops, the already existing infrastructure problems in the Peruvian coffee industry were aggravated. And to make matters worse, these difficulties were aggravated by the fall in coffee prices in 1990. But life goes on, and America’s coffee growers were able to recover. Together with the participation and orientation of private groups, and with the support of the government, this rehabilitation has been given direction and impetus.

Production and cultivation regions

production of peruvian coffee

But, what makes Peruvian coffee unique? Well, it is a series of geographical and climatic factors. The land of Peru is perfect for any type of cultivation, be it coffee beans, beans, potatoes, and everything you can imagine. There are many types of coffee beans and due to their great variety, the quality can vary greatly. Usually, at altitudes greater than 1,200 meters above sea level, coffee growers decide to grow their coffee beans to maturity with pure spring waters and numerous other ecological techniques.

Some types of Peruvian coffee beans are:

  • Pacamara
  • Catui
  • Mundo Novo
  • Bourbon
  • Pache
  • Catimor
  • Caturra
  • Typica

Many techniques were used for generations in ancient times by different indigenous communities. Not in vain, the different types of coffee are so delicious in Peru. Peruvian Coffee is produced in more than 350,000 hectares of coffee plantations. All are located in 210 rural districts, which are distributed in 10 departments on the eastern side of the Andes.

Cultivation regions

peruvian coffee growing regions

North Region: The Amazon in Peru, San Martín, and Chanchamayo regions are the three main growing areas. And Chanchamayo was the place of origin of coffee in Peru. For years, it has traditionally been the coffee region par excellence. Despite this, the northern highlands of San Martín and the Amazon have become more important in the coffee industry. And although Chanchamayo still represents 16% of the total production, the other regions take the prize. The regions of San Martín and Amazonas together represent 47% of the national production of Peruvian Coffee. Most of the coffee produced in Peru comes directly from these areas. Besides, most of the plantations within Peru have ecological certificates that allow international trade. 

Central region: Junin and Huanuco are in the central region of Peru. Types of coffee like Catimor, Typica, and grown Caturra are grown in these zones. Orange and caramels beans in Huanuco and coffee with more flavors, acid, and fragrance in Junin. 

South region: Cusco, Ayacucho, and Puno. The types of coffees there are growing Caturra, Typica, Bourbon Among them, Cusco is the region that best Peruvian coffee in the south, high quality of beans, chocolate with fruits notes.

The coffee industry today

peruvian coffee market

The current outlook for the coffee world in Peru looks encouraging. Today, coffee is considered to be of equal quality to Peruvian food. Since the country’s coffee industry has come a long way in recent years. You can find more than 200,000 coffee growers in Peru. Many of them grow traditional shade-grown Arabica coffee beans, which quickly gained widespread attention in the international market. Since the coffee crisis broke out, many small-batch farmers have used infrastructure systems to process wet coffee. Which has improved the quality of coffee beans produced in the United States.

The further rise of coffee cooperatives has brought about a huge change. Both in the number of organic coffee beans produced and in their fair trade. It is common for small producers to form associations or cooperatives to obtain greater benefits. From better selling prices to post-harvest production management.

Coffee Cooperatives

peruvian coffee farmer

In addition, they help each other to organize more effective marketing strategies. The engine of the Peruvian coffee industry is small farming families. The largest cooperatives have more than 2,000 producer members. These organizations market production directly or indirectly. Either they market it themselves through different fairs and events or to different coffee merchants.

Some of the more sophisticated cooperatives have financial institutions that make loans to different producers. They partially finance production costs through technical assistance. Technical assistance aims to improve the yield and quality of the different crops. In recent years, as Peru’s coffee production has increased by leaps and bounds, the country is poised to secure funding for its huge coffee-producing neighbors Colombia and Brazil. Especially in the specialty and organic coffee markets. Today, Peruvian Coffee is served in many of the best restaurants in Peru.

Peruvian Coffee Fair Trade

how good is peruvian coffee

Peruvian coffee is supported by institutional agreements that protect the fair price of coffee. In this way, the producers of coffee in Peru receive a great price from their beans. Also, the agreements promote women’s cooperatives and their workers with more opportunities in the Peruvian coffee markets. In this form, the business of coffee in Peru goes hand in hand with social responsibility.

From Coati feces to organic coffee

coati peruvian coffee

Misha’s coffee is produced by Mishasho (ring-tailed coati). These animals eat ripe coffee cherries, digest them, and then coffee plantation personnel collect the digested seeds present in the feces to process them. This coffee has a high price in the national and international market by its form of production. The type of coffee is produced in the center of Peru, and it has been in demand year after year. Besides, this coffee is a great alternative to accompany any of the different Peruvian desserts.

Currently, the traditional coffee fermentation processes are carried out by hand, following domestic practices that consume a lot of time and effort. In addition, they cause problems in the sustainability of cup quality, which impacts their commercialization in demanding national and international markets. Therefore, Misha coffee is an organic alternative to production.

Tasting and buying Peruvian Coffee

varieties of peruvian coffee

To try Peruvian Coffee you don’t have to travel a lot, just look at local markets or street vendors, and you will find quality coffee beans. Certain markets specialize in the sale of Peruvian organic products and sell coffee, cocoa, wines, and other things. Don’t miss out on one of the most delicious coffees in the world. In our tours in Peru, you will have numerous possibilities were to try the delicious Peruvian Coffee.

Capis coffee

peruvian coffee

If you were wondering what’s the best coffee in the world? This is your answer. Capis is one of the most popular and rare coffees in Peru. This coffee goes through a somewhat curious natural process. Coatis are allowed to eat coffee beans. And after they defecate, the grains are collected. These are washed, roasted, and ground. As a result, this coffee is so appreciated by people around the world. Being able to try this coffee is one of the unique experiences of Peruvian Coffee.

Urubamba coffee beans

peruvian coffee history

As its name suggests, Urubamba beans are grown in the Sacred Valley. These beans boast a lovely scent, are smooth and well wet-processed. These roasted and caramelized grains are a good form of Peruvian souvenirs for those who want to bring a gift from the bowels of the Peruvian land.

Chanchamayo coffee beans

peruvian coffee cup

Between the edge of the Amazon and the eastern Andes, these beans are grown high up. They are medium to light bodied and boast bright acidity. Chanchamayo beans are organic and of great quality. The beans feature hints of chocolatey, nutty, and sweet citrus flavors. Coffee trademarks like Volcanica and Mount Comfort Coffee are its most exclusive and representative coffee in the Chanchamayo region.

Coffee Quechua

peruvian coffee puno

This Peruvian coffee is grown in Puno and has won numerous international and local recognitions. This is without a doubt one of the best coffee you can taste in Peru.

Uchuñari coffee

pisac peruvian coffee

This coffee is grown in the forests near Pisac. This is also a Peruvian poop coffee. It is believed that when coffee cherries ripen and turn red, they attract a wide variety of wild animals. Being able to try this coffee is one of the best things to do in Peru.

“I HAVE MEASURED OUT MY LIFE WITH COFFEE SPOONS”

If you are a coffee lover, then the Andean country will not disappoint you. While in Peru, you will never be short of good coffee. There are numerous opportunities to sample Peruvian coffee, from food tours through high-end restaurants to markets where the actual product can be purchased. We hope, together with the experts from Machu Travel Peru, to have been helpful. Today, coffee is one of the Peruvian superfoods that you must include in your food repertoire. There is no doubt that Peruvian coffee is one of the best, and therefore you should not miss trying it. A good idea is to visit the local markets, there you will find numerous brands of organic coffee. If you want to know more about our tours, you can consult with our advisors. Our team of qualified advisors will be happy to help you organize the trip of your dreams.

Peru has so much to offer, it can be hard to know where to start. With many years of experience in the tourism sector, Machu Travel Peru is happy to help with anything regarding your trip to Machu Picchu and any tours around it. Make your Machu Picchu experience an unforgettable one!