traditional peruvian food

At the World Travel Awards, Peru has been chosen as the leading culinary destination in the world for five consecutive years. A magnificent feat when you consider that it was just a little over 10 years ago that the Peruvian food movement gained momentum. With the gastronomic boom, the reinvention of how food is prepared is due to a group of chefs with a vision of the future Gaston Acurio, and Pedro Miguel Schiaffino among others. They have brought Peruvian cuisine to the world stage with a mix of different food cultures to what we see in the best restaurants in Peru today. For this reason, together with our colleagues from Machu Travel Peru, we have prepared a small article about the best traditional Peru dishes. Learn a little more about these ancestral delicacies!

30 best dishes of traditional Peruvian food

1. Ceviche (Peruvian Sushi)

ceviche peruvian food

If you are on the coast of Peru, you must try the renowned and popular Peruvian ceviche. It is maybe the dish that has made Peru known throughout the world. Despite many countries in the region having their own ceviche dish, there is not something similar in taste and quality to Peruvian ceviche. Also according to some historical sources, ceviche originated about 2,000 years ago with the Moches, a pre-Inca culture on the coasts of Peru.

Peruvian ceviche is prepared differently from the rest of South America. The fish is marinated in lemon juice, chopped hot pepper, and salt (by 5 – 10 minutes) and then served immediately with lettuce salad with fresh onion slices, toasted (breaded and/or toasted corn kernels), and Cochayuyo (red algae that grow in cold water shores along the Peruvian coast). Although, due to its great influence throughout the country, there are numerous presentations with unique ingredients.

Where to eat Ceviche?

La Mar Cevicheria. Address: 770 La Mar Avenue, Miraflores, Lima.

2. Leche De Tigre (Tiger’s Milk)

leche de tigre peruvian food

Leche de Tigre is often confused with the delicious leftover juice from Peruvian Ceviche. But this is not entirely accurate. Leche de Tigre is prepared with a very delicious fish broth. This one has lemon juice, salt, pepper, and a little spice. Different chefs add baked corn kernels, fish, and shrimp to a cocktail glass. All in an attempt to complement the delicious marinade and thus give rise to the Leche de Tigre.

Many Peruvians believe that Leche de Tigre is an aperitif that will restore your energy. Many even believe that it is an aphrodisiac. Leche de Tigre is white, although it does not necessarily contain milk in its preparation.

Where to eat Leche De Tigre?

La Preferida. Address: La Encalada Avenue 908 Urb. Monterrico, Surco.

3. Jalea (Seafood Fried Chunks)

marine jalea peruvian food

Jalea could be thought of as the equivalent of fried chips and fish. It is one of the seafood dishes most chosen by the inhabitants of Peru. We recommend you try Jalea Mixta, a variety of breaded and fried fish and shellfish. Note that instead of fries, the Jalea plate includes fried Yucca. But this one is no less delicious than the Peruvian potatoes.

The jelly is generally accompanied by Salsa Criolla (Creole Sauce) or Salsa De Ají (Spicy Sauce). The spicy and citrus flavor goes great with fried fish.

Where to eat Jalea?

Punto Azul Cevicheria. Address: Benavides Avenue 2370 – Miraflores, Lima.

4. Tiradito (Marined raw fish)

peruvian food tiradito

Nikkei cuisine combines two of the best cuisines in the world, the Japanese and Peruvian cuisines. And among the most characteristic dishes of this culinary trend is the fish Tiradito. It is also known by the simple name of Tiradito. Usually, this Peruvian seafood dish has raw fish cut into very thin strips, like Japanese Sashimi. It is accompanied by a spicy and citrus sauce that enhances the flavor of the fish. The sauce is prepared with lime, yellow pepper, garlic, and coriander, resulting in a light and simple sauce.

Where to eat Tiradito?

Maido Restaurant. Address: San Martin Street 399. Corner with Colon Street, Miraflores – Lima.

5. Sudado de Pescado (Steamed Fish)

sudado de pescado peruvian food

Peruvian cuisine has a variety of soups that recovered importance with the entrance of Japanese people and their influence on gastronomy. Sudado de Pescado is one of them. This traditional Peruvian soup was revalued by Nikkei Gastronomy (Peruvian – Japanese gastronomy mix) around 1980 and, as its name indicated, the fish sweats to be steam cooked. Inside a pressure cooker, the fish sweat accompanied by yellow pepper, tomato, garlic, cilantro, and onion dressing. In Peru’s north, the Chicha de Jora is usually included in the dressing. On the other hand, Wine or Pisco replaces the Chicha on the south Peruvian coast. This traditional food is typically accompanied by cooked yucca. In zones like Chiclayo, Grouper, Grape Eye, or Tollo are the perfect type of fish to prepare it. In Lima the capital of Peru, the Lorna, Cojinova, Chita, or Corvina are the starfish of this dish. Dare to taste it!

Where to eat Sudado de Pescado?

Pescados Capitales Restaurant. Address: Mariscal La Mar Avenue 1337, Miraflores, Lima.

6. Cau Cau (Cattle tripe stew)

cau cau peruvian food

The origin of its particular name has many theories. Some affirm that it comes from the Quechua language Acacau and means giblets and hot. Others indicate that Chinese immigrants, in the nineteenth century, used the Caucau phoneme to indicate that the ingredients of stew had to be chopped into very small portions. Others say that the name comes from another Quechua name Kau-Kau, and it referred to another ancient dish with fish eggs and seaweed (Cochayuyo), two ingredients that belonged to the original recipe and were lost in time. Be that as it may, the truth is that the dish comes from the hands of African slaves who came to Peru to work on the wine and cotton plantations.

The dish consists of tripe or chicken and white Peruvian potatoes. All of them were chopped into small cubes and cooked over a base stew of garlic, drumstick, onion, yellow pepper, chopped parsley, and mint. The preparation is accompanied by rice, as the majority of Peruvian dishes.

Where to eat Cau Cau?

Embarcadero 41 national and international cuisine. Address: Alexander Flemming Street 181, Santiago de Surco, Lima.

7. Arroz con Pato (Rice with duck)

arroz con pato peruvian food

Arroz con Pato or Rice with Duckis a Creole recipe with great Spanish influences. This star dish in Peru is a classic among its locals. Rice is usually cooked with herbs, coriander paste, and dark beer. This way of preparation gives a pronounced earthy flavor to the rice. Then a roasted duck thigh or leg is added, which has a truly crunchy texture over the rice bed. A true delight.

Where to eat Arroz con Pato?

Fiesta restaurant. Address: Reducto 1278 Avenue. Miraflores, Lima.

8. Tacu Tacu (Fried rice and bean dough)

tacu tacu peruvian food

Tacu Tacu is one of the dishes that is usually made with rice and beans. It is a Creole food with a bit of Spanish, African, and South American influences. It is a dish of flavor and pronounced textures that are perfect to satisfy the appetite on a long day. Tacu Tacu is often prepared with beans stew and white rice, both mixed and fried in a frying pan for some minutes. The dish is served, still hot, and is accompanied by beef steak or fried egg. Although, its preparation may vary from one place to another. It is very easy to cook and has a wide variety of unique flavors. It is a very pleasant Peruvian dish for those who try it for the first time.

Where to eat Tacu Tacu?

La Red restaurant. Address: Mariscal La Mar Avenue, Miraflores, Lima.

9. Ají de Gallina (Creamy chicken)

traditional peruvian food aji de gallina

Another of the traditional dishes that you cannot miss. Aji de Gallina is a dish of a delicious mixture of shredded chicken, bread, milk cream, olives, yellow pepper, and finely chopped onions cooked for 45 minutes approx. The resulting creamy past is served over potato slices (boiled separately) and accompanied by white rice and soft-boiled egg slices. There are many theories on how this unique dish came about. The sure thing is the women Peruvian slave created the dish, having as the base, discarded chicken rest from Spanish tables. However, nowadays, it is one of the most wonderful flavors of Peru and you really should try it.

Where to eat Aji de Gallina?

Tanta restaurant. Address: Pancho Fierro Street 115, San Isidro, Lima.

10. Causa Rellena (Potato casserole)

traditional peruvian food causa limeña

The famous Causa Rellena is very popular in Peruvian cuisine. Peru has many varieties of potatoes, so you might expect many potato-based dishes. This is prepared with mashed potatoes, seasoned with lemon juice and salt. The mashed goes, in the form of thick sheets, between thick fillings with ingredients such as mayonnaise, tuna, avocado, celery, olives, or chicken. Most of the time, it serves as an appetizer and can be eaten with many sauces, especially hot ones.

Its name origin has many theories. One of them refers to that Causa comes from the Quechua word Kausay and means “necessary sustenance” or “food”. Others indicate that Peruvian women, as a form of collaboration to the Cause of Peru’s independence, prepared this dish for the independence troops of General San Martin. The last theory indicates that, again, the Peruvian women, fed to Peruvian soldiers, in the middle of the Pacific battle against Chile, with this dish, to stand by the Peruvian Cause.

Where to eat Causa Rellena?

Puerto 260 restaurant. Address: Abancay Avenue, Historic Center Lima.

11. Arroz con Pollo (Rice with chicken)

arroz con pollo peruvian food

Maybe, with Ceviche, the Arroz con Pollo can be the most representative Peruvian food. This is an important dish that forms the Peruvian daily diet, and its preparation is a tribute to the variety of spices that Peru has. On an additional note, the Arroz con Pollo shares the style of preparation with Spanish Paella but uses local and tasty ingredients. The rice chicken dams are cooked with diced carrot, bell pepper, capers, celery, shelled corn, green beans, onion, shelled corn, olives, and peas. All of them are mixed over a rice bed (Previously, the rice has to be seasoned with coriander, garlic, thyme, and bay leaf). The preparation is cooked for 30 minutes and, it is done!

Where to eat Arroz con Pollo?

Tanta restaurant. Address: Pancho Fierro Street 115, San Isidro, Lima.

12. Carapulcra (Spicy chicken and minced pork dressing)

carapulcra peruvian food

Carapulcra is a Peruvian dish that intertwined the Aymaras people of the Altiplano mountains with the African culture located on the Peruvian coast south. First, Carapulcra was cooked by these people since ancient times. Even, they named this Peruvian dish Qala Purka (In the Aymara language, means “stew made on hot stones”). The preparation consisted of a thick Alpaca meat soup with dried potatoes and little stones preheated, all of them cooked inside a saucepan. Carapulcra was the perfect dish to face the aggressive Altiplano weather, cold, dry and extreme frost.

In colonial times, the dish crossed the Peruvian territory from east to west, until the south coast of Lima, specifically to the Chincha region, where the majority of African slaves were situated (They worked in the wine and cotton fields located around). They included, to the preparation, extra ingredients that contributed flavor, spice, and color to the dish. Even, the Carapulcra word was adapted to the local Spanish language (Cara = dear / Pulchra = beauty) and the preparation was very similar to the Aymara dish, with the difference of chicken and pork pieces that were included in a dressing of yellow peppers, clove, onion, garlic, salt, and pepper. All of them were cooked in a giant saucepan with some preheated stones.

Where to eat Carapulcra?

El rincón Que No Conoces (The Corner Don’t You Know) Restaurant. Address: Bernardo Alcedo Street 363, Lince, Lima.

13. Seco de Carne (Cilantro Beef Stew)

seco de carne peruvian food

One of the traditional dishes of Peru’s north has the most chosen among the locals. The Seco de Carne or Seco de Res is a hearty beef stew. But despite being considered a stew, several ingredients set it apart from other meat stews. This recipe uses cumin, peppercorn, yellow peppers, the well-known Chicha de Jora (one of the most traditional Peruvian drinks), and coriander, two key ingredients in this dish. All of them, with the beef, are cooked in a pressure cooker, to simmer. The idea is to reduce the liquid quantity of the mix, obtaining a green, thick stew. The Andean culture has used Chicha de Jora for hundreds of years. Either to refresh yourself or in the different traditional recipes. Used similarly to wine in certain stews, it gives it a characteristically acidic and pleasant flavor. This delicious stew can be served with beans and white rice.

Where to eat Seco de Carne?

La Paisana Picantería. Address: C-28 Jiron, 28 de Julio Street, Magdalena del Mar, Lima.

14. Lomo Saltado (Stir Fried Beef)

lomo saltado peruvian food

There is nothing more Peruvian than the delicious Lomo Saltado. Lomo Saltado is considered one of the most delicious and essential fusion food dishes to try if you ever visit Peru. The history of this dish goes back to the time when Chinese cuisine began to have a great influence on our country. Therefore, we can say that the Lomo Saltado is the best example of an international (Chinese) and a national (Peruvian) cuisine fusion, the Chifa

This representative dish consists of sliced ​​steak, onions, tomatoes, French fries, and yellow pepper, all sautéed over a skillet with a base of oil, soybean sauce (Sillao), and finely chopped garlic. The secret technique is the saute all these ingredients, even, some cooks let the fire of a kitchen burner invades the skillet, all a spectacle for someone who has the possibility to view its preparation. The dish is served with an accompaniment of white rice, even some restaurants include a fried egg. Amazing!

Where to eat Lomo Saltado?

Dommo Saltado restaurant. Address: Ignacio Merino 2501 Avenue. Lince, Lima.

15. Arroz Chaufa (Chaufa Rice)

arroz chaufa peruvian food

The classic accompaniment for all Chifa dishes is the Arroz Chaufa, and it is the main Plato of all Chinese-Peruvian restaurants around the country. History tells us that Chinese cooks used to reuse leftover ingredients from the previous day’s restaurant menu to prepare their lunch (​​In a way to save on food costs for restaurant staff). In this sense, some vegetables like Chinese onions (scallions) and ginger were chopped and sautéed with white rice. Soybean sauce, oyster sauce, and sesame oil seasoned the mix inside a bowl. Similar to Lomo Saltado’s preparation, the secret of cooking was the form of sauteing. Separately, a beaten egg was frying, along with pieces of chicken and/or meat, and chopped into cubes. Undoubtedly, this dish is proof of a harmonious combination of two cuisines, separated by culture, but united by Peru’s geography.

Where to eat Arroz Chaufa?

Madam Tusam restaurant. Address: Santa Cruz 859 Avenue, Miraflores, Lima.

16. Pollo a la Brasa (Roasted Chicken)

pollo a la brasa peruvian food

What do the US and Peru have in common? Well, Pollo a la Brasa is the most consumed dish in both. This is undoubtedly one of the most famous traditional dishes of Peruvian gastronomy. The key is to marinate the chicken in a special sauce. This soy sauce features red bell peppers, garlic, and cumin that give the chicken a smoky, delicious flavor. These marinated chickens are typically cooked over hot coals and served whole.

They are accompanied by French fries and fresh or cooked salads. In addition, it is usually eaten together with well-known sauces and other spicy ones. The Peruvian recipe is used throughout the country.

History tells us that a Swiss called Roger Schuler arrived in Peru in 1940, and he began to raise chickens and sold them to subsist and find a better economic future. One fine day, he decided to put added value to what he sold and roasted a chicken over coals, fried some chopped potatoes, and was done! He had a new dish, the Pollo a la Brasa. Nowadays, its restaurant “La Granja Azul” still attends to Peruvian customers with the original recipe of Pollo a la Brasa.

Where to eat Pollo a la Brasa?

La Granja Azul Polleria. Address: Central Road, 11.5 Km. Ate Vitarte, Lima.

17. Anticuchos (Grilled beef heart)

anticucho peruvian food

The Anticucho is one of the most representative Peruvian street foods that you have to try during your visit. This delicious typical food of Peru had its origin in the regions of the Andes during the colonial times (16th century) when the Spanish conquerors took advantage of the best pieces of beef for their consumption and leave leftovers for their servitude. Years later, the form of preparation of the heart, kidney, and intestines of the beef passed to the Peruvian coast region where the recipe found its final style. It has been a traditional food of Peru for a long time. It is usually made with hearts cut into cubes. These are marinated in vinegar, cumin, chili, and garlic and then put on sticks to be roasted on charcoal grills. These are served on skewers and have potato or onion slices. They are a real appetizer to try in the afternoon.

Today, many Chefs have reinvented this dish and used other cuts of meat in addition to the heart. You can see chicken Anticuchos and other meat cuts, but the real Anticucho is made from the heart.

Where to eat Anticuchos?

Panchita restaurant. Address: 2 de Mayo 298 Street. Miraflores, Lima.

18. Trucha Frita (Fried Trout)

fried trout peruvian food

Fried trout is a traditional dish typical of the Andes of Peru. The Andes Mountains provide different bodies of freshwater where trout can easily breed. And in many Andean regions, it is common to see trout farms. Even, Peru is one of the largest exporters of rainbow trout. Also, the trout of Peru are considered the best trout in the world. So, this trout is fried and seasoned with black pepper, served with white rice, potato fried, and vegetable salad. So, we recommend you try this dish without exception.

Where to eat Trucha Frita?

BeryPez restaurant. Address: Maximo Abril 592, Jesus Maria, Lima.

19. Chicharron (Fried Pork Rind)

chicharron peruvian food

Chicharrón is a classic dish made with fried pork belly. It is one of those unhealthy but classic dishes among Peruvians. This dish is some of the best Peruvian foods available and is served with fried potatoes, parboiled corn kernels, and a salad made with fresh onion and peppermint. Its preparation is simple, you have to put the pork pieces in water with salt, and celery, and these marinated for a few hours. After that, the pieces of pork are boiled. Finally, the meat, soft and tender, is fried in its own grease and done! This delight is ready to be served.

Where to eat Chicharron?

Chicharrones del Inca restaurant. Address: Caminos del Inca 1902, Surco, Lima.

20. Pachamanca (Steamed food underground)

pachamanca peruvian food

In the rural Andean areas of Peru, there is an ancient tradition that is still practiced. The tradition says that the dish and its preparation is a tribute to earth (Pacha means earth and Manca is translated as pot or oven in the Quechua language) which gave to Peruvian Andean people the vegetables and food necessary to exist. Therefore, Pachamanca is prepared on special occasions and at harvest time.

The Pachamanca is one of the traditional dishes prepared in the heat of preheated stones. Vegetables, potatoes, sweet potatoes, beef, pork, chicken, and guinea pigs are previously seasoned to give a unique flavor. After these are put inside a hole dug in the ground, stones (previously heated with firewood) go in the hole bottom, following the ingredients and the preparation that has to be well wrapped by leaves. Finally, all the preparation is covered with dust. The preparation has to be cooked from 3 to 4 hours and done! You will have the best representation of biodiversity in Peru (by its ingredients), the Pachamanca.

Where to eat Pachamanca?

Hotel Turistico El Tinajón restaurant. Address: San Martin 2410 Avenue, San Martin, Lima.

21. Papa a la Huancaina (Potatoes in Spicy Cheese Sauce)

papa a la huancaina peruvian food

Papa a la Huancaina is one of those popular appetizers among the people of Peru. This dish consists of boiled yellow potatoes (Among 3000 potatoes variety that Peru has) served with a spicy, creamy yellow sauce made from cheese, milk, and yellow peppers, previously blended. This yellow sauce is called Huancaina, hence the name Papa a la Huancaina. It is one of the few traditional dishes of Peru that could be considered vegetarian, and it’s a tribute to the Peruvian potato and the yellow pepper. The history not is clear, but the dish has its origin in Huancayo, a central city of Peru, close to the Mountain Range.

Where to eat Papa a la Huancaina?

Mi Propiedad Privada restaurant. Address: Costanera Avenue 1010, Lima.

22. Juane (Rice with chicken wrapped in banana leaves)

juane peruvian food in amazon

Juane is one of the most representative dishes in the Amazon of Peru. The dish is prepared on special occasions and in the San Juan Bautista (Saint John Baptist) festivity on June 24th every year. This festivity gives its name to the dish, Juan, Juane. The preparation consists of white rice seasoned with local spices that can accept oregano, turmeric, boiled egg, and cumin. A piece of chicken goes in the middle of this preparation. All this is wrapped between Bijao leaves and put on boil inside a big casserole. The cook lasts 1 hour, and it is usually to be served with yucca and banana, both boiled too. The presentation of this Peruvian food is exotic but its flavor will not disappoint you. We can assure it.

Where to eat Juane?

El Pichito restaurant. Address: General Vidal 803 Jirón, Breña, Lima.

24. Tacacho (Baked banana dough)

tacacho peruvian food

Tacacho is another representative dish of the Amazon. Its origin is situated in the north of the Amazon region of Peru, where local tribes boil bananas. After that, they ground the cooked fruit in large stone mortars, obtaining a mass. This one is combined with pork pieces and butter, salt, and cumin. The cooks give the mass the form of small balls that are served with chorizo and jerky (Beef salt meat). Usually, this dish is consumed for breakfast, and its flavor is unique. Even, some locals consume it, such as one of their favorite Peruvian desserts.

Where to eat Tacacho?

El Aguajal Amazonian traditional restaurant.  Address: Flora Tristan Avenue 624. La Molina, Lima.

24. Cuy Chactado (Fried guinea pig)

cuy chactado peruvian food

The delicious Cuy is a very traditional dish in the mountains of Peru. If you have a pet guinea pig, you may not like this suggestion. But many Peruvian farm families, which live on Mountain Range slopes, usually raise these animals and, on special occasions, the locals of Peru eat them. The Cuy is a guinea pig that is baked in a wooden oven. Although it can also be served fried or roasted with potatoes, accompanied by noodles and stuffed peppers. Also, Cuy has healthy proteins and fats for humans. So, don’t let tenderness win you over, and dare to prove this exotic dish!

Where to eat Cuy Chactado?

Pachapapa Restaurant. Address: Carmen Bajo 120. San Blas neighborhood, Cusco.

25. Rocoto Relleno (Stuffed Spicy Peppers)

rocoto relleno peruvian food

The Rocoto Relleno is another great traditional dish that you cannot miss. These consist of roasted bell peppers that are stuffed with chopped meat and vegetables. They are baked with a delicious dough of milk and eggs that covers the pepper. One of the most delicious traditional dishes of Peru. Be careful with its intense flavor, the Peruvian peppers are 10 times spicier than a Jalapeño (pepper native of Mexico). Therefore, the first bite will be valuable proof for you. Passing this challenge, your enjoyment will not have a limit.

Where to eat Rocoto Relleno?

La Nueva Palomina Picanteria. Address: Leoncio Prado Street 122, Yanahuara, Arequipa.

26. Adobo (Spicy pork stew)

adobo traditional peruvian food

Adobo is one of Arequipa’s favorite traditional dishes. Many people usually eat this dish for breakfast, on Sundays. Adobo could be considered a spicy pork stew. It often consists of pork in a delicious sauce flavored with Ají Panca, Chicha de Jora, and other spices. Many countries like the Philippines, Mexico, and Puerto Rico also have dishes with the name Adobo. However, the ingredients and meat used in the marinade vary from country to country.

Where to eat Adobo?

La Lucila picanteria. Address: San Miguel Street 147, Sachaca, Arequipa.

27. Chupe de Camarones (Shrimp Chowder)

chupe de camarones peruvian food

Chupe de Camarones is the most representative soup of Arequipa cuisine. This dish comes from the Camana coast district and, nowadays, is a delight prepared only for special occasions, birthdays, and festivities around all of Peru. The Shrimps are the kings here and its preparation consists of Shrimps (obviously), cream of milk, and cheese, with a base of fish broth, onions, eggs, garlic, and yellow potatoes. This soup has to boil for a few minutes. After that, white rice, beans, carrots, and peas are included. A cook of 45 minutes more and well done! You have a succulent Chupe de Camarones. Even, many consider that this dish is equal in flavor to Peru national dish, Ceviche.

Where to eat Chupe de Camarones?

La Trattoria del Monasterio restaurant. Address: Santa Catalina Street 309, Historic Center of Arequipa.

28. Capchi de Setas (Mushroom stew)

capchi de setas peruvian food

If Arequipa (The other big Peruvian south city) has the Chupe de Camarones, Cusco has the Caphi de Setas. This dish is a kind of thick soup made up of potatoes, green beans, eggs, milk, fresh cheese, mint, huacatay, paico, and Setas (fungi that grow only in rainy seasons. Specifically, in places where lightning struck). All of them are boiled for around 40 minutes. The result is a hearty soup that is served, only, in the rainy season (from December to March) and on special occasions like local festivities. Usually, this dish is served with white rice and Cuy. A real delight of the Inca’s capital.

Where to eat Capchi de Setas?

Pachapapa Restaurant. Address: Carmen Bajo 120. San Blas neighborhood, Cusco.

29. Chiriuchu (Dried meat chunks)

chiriuchu peruvian food

Maybe, the Chiriuchu is the most known Cusco dish around the country. This dish contains ingredients from three natural regions; coast, mountains, and jungle. Its Quechua name means “Cold spicy”. History says that after the Ayni (An Inca system in which every member of town or community participated in the construction of some public buildings like bridges, Tambos, inter alia) they share the best food each one had in their houses.

In this form, a dish with a variety of ingredients and products from all Peruvian regions was born. In this form, Ingredients like seaweed, egg cup, hen, charqui, and black pudding are boiled. Other ingredients like a guinea pig, potatoes, and corn fritter are fried separately. The last step is to put all the ingredients together in a dish and adorned it with cheese, toasted corn, and hot pepper. A Peruvian variety in one dish.

Where to eat Chiriuchu?

Usually, the Chiriuchu is served in all Cusco restaurants, during the traditional Cusco festivity named Corpus Christi every June 16th (A religious holiday in which giant sculptures of 12 saints are taken out and paraded around the entire main square by porters).

30. Guiso de Tarwi (Tarwi Stew)

tarwi stew peruvian food

Tarwi is an Andean legume that is cultivated in Peruvian Andean cities like Cusco, Cajamarca, Huanuco, Junin, and Puno. It is considered one of the Peruvian superfoods of its energy contribution. Between 2000 and 3800 meters above sea level. Its origin dates back to pre-Inca times when cultures like Nazca and Tiahuanaco cultivated it. Cusco, as the origin place of this legume, prepares the Tarwi and blended it with cheese and milk. The mix is seasoned with butter, cumin, and ground garlic. This dish usually is served with white rice or it can accompany a plate of stew.

Where to eat Guiso de Tarwi?

Unfortunately, this is a just homemade dish and not very common to find in local restaurants, even Picanterias. However, if you have luck, during your take walk through the traditional market of San Pedro, you can find it included in the menu of food stands located there.

The history behind Peruvian flavors

peruvian food today

Peru is named the most representative South American cuisine around the world. Not for nothing, its capital, Lima, is recognized as the Gastronomy Capital of South America (Due to its position among the first 10 World’s Culinary Leading Destinations for 6 consecutive years). But this achievement did not come overnight, Peru’s food and its gastronomy had to pass a large process of change, influences, and consolidation until these days.

A. Incas period

incas peruvian food

It all started with the Incas (1438 – 1535), the ancient Peruvian empire that governed the Andean mountains, from the western lands of Colombia until the middle of current Chile. They had a diet composed of grain bases, like wheat, corn (Choclo), quinoa, Tarwi, kiwicha, and a great variety of potatoes (more than 2500 types); products that could resist the hard change of a cold, dry and aggressive weather of the mountain range. Also, they consumed meats (Mainly Alpaca and some fish) and dried meat, having the Chicha, an alcoholic beverage based on the fermentation of corn grains, as its traditional drink.

B. Spanish influence

parihuela peruvian food

With the arrival of Spanish conquerors, and its colonization until the subsequent independence of Peru (1535 – 1821), the Andean and coastal ingredients were merged with the style of new Mediterranean cuisine preparations. Resulting in the first examples of Criollo cuisine. So, this type of cuisine was born from slave hands who took advantage of the food rest that leave its Spanish patrons to cook over them, with inventiveness, new nutritive and tasty dishes for their families.

C. Chinese and Japanese influence

chinese influence in peruvian food

The Chinese immigration from 1850 (to replace the slave hand in cotton crops throughout the Peruvian coast and, consequently, the central region of Peru) brought Peruvian food cuisine color, new acid ingredients, and a unique mix of sweet and salty flavors. On the other hand, the Japanese immigration from 1899 represented the use of more marine ingredients and fish with fewer condiments and more vegetal in the Peruvian cuisines. However, great Italian cuisine arrived at the Peruvian coasts in 1876 with techniques of cooking and a new form of preparations that combined vegetables, olive oil, fresh bread, and pasta.

D. Peru food, a mix of everything

Now, imagine all these techniques of cooking, histories, ingredients, and flavors mixed in one country, Peruvian gastronomy. But not, don’t imagine it and dare to know why each Peru food is unique and tasty around the world, lines below.

“ONE CAN NOT THINK WELL, LOVE WELL, SLEEP WELL IF ONE HAS NOT DINED WELL”

As you can see, Peru has a lot to offer in terms of traditional Peruvian food. Do not miss these delicious dishes that give so much to talk about in the world. Tour the Andean country and its many traditional delicacies. We hope together with Machu Travel Peru has been helpful. If you want to know more about our tours, you can consult with our advisors.

Peru has so much to offer, it can be hard to know where to start. With many years of experience in the tourism sector, Machu Travel Peru is happy to help with anything regarding your trip to Machu Picchu and any tours around it. Make your Machu Picchu experience an unforgettable one!