where is peru

Peru is a country recognized for many wonderful things. From its fascinating culture, its extensive history, its award-winning gastronomy, and its imposing landscapes. There is no doubt that it is a country that has it all. So it is not surprising that it is one of the most popular destinations among amateur travelers. For several consecutive years, Peru has been decorated as the best international gastronomic destination. Even its wonderful archaeological sites attract people from all over the world. The vestiges left by the wonderful Inca culture are one of the many attractions that make this country unique. So where is Peru? Join us together with Machu Travel Peru to delve into this interesting topic.

Peru is located on the western side of South America. Right between Ecuador in the north and Bolivia in the south. To the west is the Pacific Ocean and to east Brazil. In general, all those who visit Peru do so to visit Machu Picchu. This complex is located in the highlands of Peru, one of the three areas that make up the country. The Peruvian Andes stretch across the entire country, from north to south. These could be considered the backbone of the country. And Peru together with Chile, Bolivia and Ecuador form the Andean countries. Where the great Inca Empire extended much of its territory since the 15th century.

All you need to know about where is Peru


about the location of peru

In Peru, you will find hundreds of archaeological sites, miles of enchanting beaches, dense rainforest, and colorful colonial cities. All offer unforgettable experiences to those who travel the country. Therefore, knowing where is Peru is crucial to start planning a trip to Peru.

So, where is Peru? Peru is located In the western part of South America. The Andean country is specifically located in the southern hemisphere. The name of this country comes from the native Quechua language, which translated means “prosperity”. The Andean country borders Chile, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador. To the west is the Pacific Ocean, the wonderful sea.

The Andean country has a coastline of more than 2,000 miles. It stretches from Chile in the south to Ecuador in the north. The country’s population is about 33 million people. Approximately 75% of the population lives in urban areas. While the rest of the population is dispersed in different regions of the desert, the jungle, and other mountains.

Peru is the third-largest country in South America just after Argentina and Brazil. In terms of population, Peru is in fourth place. Because Colombia has a larger population despite being smaller than Peru. The latitude and longitude of Peru are 11.2583º S, 75.1374º W.


geography in peru

To know where is Peru, you have to know about the geography of the country. Peru has shared borders across sparsely populated regions, a wide variety of climates, and a privileged location. The Andean country has a varied topography that presents great biodiversity. The country boasts a uniquely eclectic mix of different geographic features. As an example, the three main regions of the country can be seen. The rich geographic diversity of the country can be classifiable divided into three regions. The western region is largely made up of the Peruvian coastline. The central region is also known as the Andes region. And the oriental region is considered the tropical forest of the country.


the coast in peru

The Coast is composed as its name mentions, by the great coastline of Peru. This only represents 11% of the area of ​​the country. Despite this, most of the Peruvian cities are in the coastal region. The land on the coast is usually very dry due to the Humboldt current that brings very cold water. This causes the air to cool down and prevents the formation of rain clouds. Therefore, the rains are practically nil in these areas. No one can say where is Peru without having known its wonderful coastline.

Especially in the south of the Peruvian capital, where it hardly rains. The further you go to the south, the more desert and dry the areas can be appreciated. The popular Atacama Desert begins right on the Chilean border.

In some areas of the coast, it may not rain for decades. But the areas where rivers pass are quite fertile, so they are usually where the cities are located. The length of the Peruvian coast is approximately 2,250 kilometers. You will find many things to do in Peru within the different coastal areas of the country.


the andes in peru

The Peruvian Andes are an extensive mountain range that runs through practically the entire western part of South America. The Andes run from north to south through Peru. They cross three mountain ranges that are interrupted by valleys. On the other hand, a great variety of rivers are born from the Andes that cross the mountains to flow into the Peruvian Jungle or the Pacific Ocean.

One of the central mountains of the Western Cordillera is the Sierra Blanca, also called “Cordillera Blanca”. This is where the highest mountain in the country is located, called Huascaran. This has a height of 6,768 meters above sea level. Despite this, the most beautiful mountain is Alpamayo. All the mountains in the region are covered in snow and ice. Further north in the Andes, the mountains reach much lower heights. Here there are numerous swamps, typical of the Andes Mountains. If you are planning a trip to Machu Picchu, you will most likely know the central region of Cusco.

While in the south, the Peruvian Andes widen. In this region is the Ubinas volcano, which is still quite active. In that region, the mountains flatten out and form the plateau known as the Altiplano. The plateau extends from Lake Titicaca in the extreme south of Bolivia. The region is usually quite dry and cool with its altitude and the landscape. The most popular city is called Puno. It is one of the most famous Andean cities along with Cusco. And from the Imperial City, it is quite easy to access beautiful Puno.


the jungle in peru

On the eastern slopes of the Andes, you can see how the landscape merges into the tropical mountain forest or cloud forest. Then this becomes the rainforest in the lowlands. In these regions, there is a great variety of ecosystems ranging from lakes, rivers, and swamps among others. The forests are so dense that rivers are often the only visible arteries in the region. The Peruvian Jungle comprises almost 60% of the entire national territory. And in order to decipher where is Peru, you have to know about its wonderful rainforest.

Many of the rivers originate in the Andes. These flow into the Amazon or into the Pacific Ocean. The headwaters of the Amazon include the Mantaro River, the Ene River which in turn becomes the Ucayali River, and the Apurímac River. Together with the Marañón River, they flow together to form the Amazon River. The Amazon River has its origin in the Andes of Peru.


the climate in peru

And the three main regions of Peru also differ in their own climate. For example, the coast has a fairly dry climate, becoming characterized by being very desert in the south. It can also get quite hot during the day (reaching 30 degrees) and cold at night (about 15 degrees at least).

In the Andes region, you can also appreciate a cool climate, especially if you decide to go higher. The highest peaks are covered with snow throughout the year. At an altitude of 3300 meters, the average temperature of the year is about 11 degrees.

And the Rainforest region is located in the east of the country. The average temperature throughout the year reaches about 26 degrees in the jungle. Temperatures hardly fluctuate during the year. The variations in temperature in a single day can be greater than the fluctuations that occur in a year. This is generally referred to as the time of day weather.


arriving and traveling around peru

For a large majority of foreign tourists, Lima’s Jorge Chávez Airport is the main entry point. Lima airport is also the hub for most domestic flight connections. This does not mean that there are no direct flights, but it is cheaper to have at least one stopover. In terms of transportation methods for traveling around the country, the bus is a very popular option. Especially if you plan to travel long distances.

In general, those who want to know where Peru is, do so with the purpose of visiting Machu Picchu. One of the main archaeological sites of the Andean country. There is no doubt that the country is a tourist destination par excellence. But a growing number of visitors also travel to Peru for many other reasons. From its award-winning gastronomy to its renowned Alpaca textile industry. Peru is one of the busiest and most visited countries, so it is not surprising that tourism in Peru has grown so much.


other interesting facts where is peru

Some of the things that you might know about Peru and some interesting facts to learn are the following.

  • Spanish is spoken by over 80% of the population. Despite this, there are two other official languages. Quechua and Aymara, mostly spoken in the south of the country. Once you head into the jungle regions of Peru, you will find another 13 languages spoken.
  • Potatoes originated in Peru. There are over 3000 varieties that grow in Peru. In the country regions of Peru, you will find 55 varieties of corn.
  • Two-thirds of Peru is covered by the Amazon rainforest. While the Pacific Coast is a surfer’s paradise. And Peru is also home to the world’s largest sand dune at 3860 feet and is located near Nazca.
  • Without a doubt, Machu Picchu is the most popular tourist destination in Peru. In the Quechua language, which is one of the ancient languages of Peru, Machu Picchu means Old Peak or Old Mountain. And Huayna Picchu that is the peak in front of Machu Picchu means Young Mountain or Peak.
  • There is not the best time to visit Peru. The highlands of Peru have two seasons, wet and dry. Most people prefer the dry season but the rainy season has some advantages.
  • The Incas were some of the best masons in the world.
  • Machu Picchu was an astronomical observatory. And the sacred Intihuatana stone is strong evidence of this. Twice a year, the sun sits directly over the stone creating a shadow.
  • The location of Machu Picchu is located in the eastern Andes Mountains in a tropical mountain forest. The site is 7970 feet above sea level.
  • The Incas arrived at Machu Picchu by a great network of roads and pathways. Today you can use some of these during your Machu Picchu tours to visit other tourist sites in Peru.
  • Over recent years, Peru has become one of the top destinations for food. Thousands of people every year for the food experience. In large cities like Lima and Cusco, you will find many great restaurants.

On a Peru tourist map, you will find all the places you will want to visit in Peru. Take the time to study the marvelous destinations. You will not want to miss out on something important. When to travel to Peru is a great question, and will depend on your vacation time. Besides the weather that you prefer, and many other factors. However, do not miss out on your Peruvian holiday.


Knowing where is Peru is vital to start organizing your adventure. The location of our country defines many geographic and climatic characteristics. And it is precisely these characteristics that make our country so wonderful. We hope together with the Machu Travel Peru team to have been helpful. If you want to know the location of our most attractive destinations, do not hesitate to contact us. Our qualified team of consultants will be happy to help you with everything you need.

Peru has so much to offer, it can be hard to know where to start. With many years of experience in the tourism sector, Machu Travel Peru is happy to help with anything regarding your trip to Machu Picchu and any tours around it. Make your Machu Picchu experience an unforgettable one!