Peru is a country that is recognized for many things. From its wonderful culture, its extensive history, its award-winning gastronomy, and its imposing landscapes. There is no doubt that it is a country that has it all. So it is not surprising that it is one of the most popular destinations among amateur travelers. For several consecutive years, the Andean country has been decorated as the best international gastronomic destination. Even its wonderful archaeological sites attract people from all over the world. The vestiges left by the wonderful Inca culture are one of the many attractions that make this country unique. So where is Peru? Join us together with Machu Travel Peru to delve into this interesting topic.
In general, all those who visit Peru do so to visit Machu Picchu. This wonder is located in the highlands of the Andes, one of the three areas that make up the country.
In Peru, you will find hundreds of archaeological sites, miles of enchanting beaches, dense rainforest, and colorful colonial cities. All offer unforgettable experiences and unforgettable memories.
All you need to know about where is Peru
- Peru and its particular geography
- The climate throughout Peru
- Arriving and traveling around Peru
- The hospitality of Peruvians
- Other interesting facts about Peru
PERU AND ITS PARTICULAR GEOGRAPHY
First, where is Peru? The country is located on the western side of South America. Right between Ecuador in the north. Chile and Bolivia in the south. To the west is the Pacific Ocean and to east Brazil. Its backbone, the Peruvian Andes stretch across the entire country, from north to south. Besides, Peru together with Chile, Bolivia and Ecuador form the Andean countries, where the great Inca Empire extended much of its territory since the 15th century. However, another geographic attraction equally long than the Andes is the Peruvian coast. It has a coastline of more than 2,000 miles that stretches from Chile in the south to Ecuador in the north. Sea, mountains, and jungle are the areas that define Peru.
Therefore, the Inca country is the third-largest in South America just after Argentina and Brazil. Otherwise, in terms of population, the country has about 33 million people, approximately 75% of the population lives in urban areas, while the rest of the population is dispersed in different regions of the desert, the jungle, and other mountains.
PERU AND ITS VARIETY OF REGIONS
Also, the rich geographic diversity of the country can be classifiable divided into three regions. The western region is largely made up of the Peruvian coastline. The central region is also known as the Andes region. While the oriental region is considered as the tropical forest of the country. As you see, knowing where is Peru is crucial to start planning a trip to Peru.
Besides, Peru is in fourth place in population in front of other South American countries, just behind Colombia that has a larger population despite being smaller than Peru.
However, If you do not answer the questions about where is Peru? yet, we will give you the last information on its geography. Peru has a latitude and longitude of 11.2583º S, 75.1374º W, and has shared borders across sparsely populated regions, a wide variety of climates, and a privileged location. Definity, the Andean country has a varied topography that presents great biodiversity. For all these reasons the country boasts a uniquely eclectic mix of different geographic features, as an example, the three main regions of the country can be seen.
The length of the Peruvian coast is approximately 2,250 kilometers and it is composed as its name mentions, by the great coastline of Peru. This only represents 11% of the country area. Despite this, most of the Peruvian cities are located there. But, Why? The climate on the coast has the answer, it is usually very dry due to the Humboldt current that brings very cold water. This causes the air to cool down and prevents the formation of rain clouds. Of course, the rains are practically nil in these areas. There may not rain for decades, however, the areas where rivers pass are quite fertile, yes, believe it or not. So they are usually where the cities are located.
For this reason, no one can say where is Peru? without having known its wonderful coastline. Especially in the south of the Peruvian capital, where it hardly rains. The further you go to the south, the more desert and dry the areas can be appreciated. The popular Atacama Desert begins right on the Chilean border.
You will find many things to do in Peru within the different coastal areas of the country. Dare to explore it!
The Peruvian Andes are an extensive mountain range that runs through practically the entire western part of South America. The Andes cross Peru from the north until the south, being interrupted by valleys and beautiful landscapes. On the other hand, a great variety of rivers are born from its slopes and cross the valleys to flow into the Peruvian Jungle or the Pacific Ocean.
One of the central mountains of the Western Cordillera is the Sierra Blanca, also called “Cordillera Blanca”. Besides, the highest mountain in the country is located there, called “Huascaran”. This has a height of 6,768 meters above sea level. Despite this snowy, there are other beautiful mountains, one of them is called “Alpamayo”, also. All of them are covered with snow and ice. Further north in the Andes, the mountains reach much lower heights. Here there are numerous swamps, typical of the Andes Mountains. However, If you are planning a trip to Machu Picchu, you will most likely know the central region of Cusco.
In the south, the Peruvian Andes widen and form natural wonders like Ubinas volcano, which is still quite active. This is because the mountains flatten out and form the plateau known as the Altiplano, which extends from Lake Titicaca in the extreme south of Bolivia, and because the region will be usually quite dry and cool. Puno is one of the most famous Andean cities along with Cusco.
On the eastern slopes of the Andes, you can see how the landscape merges into the tropical mountain forest or cloud forest. Then this becomes the rainforest in the lowlands. with a great variety of ecosystems ranging from lakes, rivers, and swamps among others. The forests are so dense that rivers and these are often the only visible arteries in the region because the Peruvian Jungle comprises almost 60% of the entire national territory.
Many of the rivers originate in the Andes, these flow into the Amazon or the Pacific Ocean. The headwaters of the Amazon include the Mantaro River, the Ene River which in turn becomes the Ucayali River, and the Apurímac River. Together with the Marañón River flow to form the famous Amazon River.
Therefore, to decipher where is Peru, we will recommend you visit this exotic Peruvian area on your trip.
THE CLIMATE THROUGHOUT PERU
The three main regions of Peru also differ in their climate. For example, the coast has a fairly dry climate, becoming characterized by many deserts in the south. It can also get quite hot during the day (reaching 30 degrees) and cold at night (about 15 degrees at least).
In the Andes region, you can also appreciate a cool climate, especially if you decide to go higher. The highest peaks are covered with snow throughout the year, at an altitude of 3300 meters, the average temperature of the year is about 11 degrees. Of course, this snow has been disappearing in the last 50 years because of global warming. Therefore, the best time to visit Peru will depend on your preferences.
Otherwise, the Rainforest region is located in the east of the country. The average temperature throughout the year reaches about 26 degrees in the jungle. The variations in temperature in a single day can be greater than the fluctuations that occur in a year. This is generally referred to as the time of day weather.
ARRIVING AND TRAVELING AROUND PERU
For a large majority of foreign tourists, Lima’s Jorge Chávez Airport is the main entry point. It is also the hub for most domestic flight connections. This does not mean that there are no direct flights, but it is cheaper to have at least one stopover. In terms of transportation methods for traveling around the country, the bus is a very popular option. Especially if you plan to travel long distances.
In general, those who want to know where is Peru, do so to visit Machu Picchu. One of the main archaeological sites of the Andean country. There is no doubt that the country is a tourist destination par excellence. But a growing number of visitors also travel to Peru for many other reasons. From its award-winning gastronomy to its renowned Alpaca textile industry. Peru is one of the busiest and most visited countries, so it is not surprising that tourism in Peru has grown so much.
THE HOSPITALITY OF PERUVIAN
Before knowing where is Peru will be helpful for you to learn about the idiosyncrasies of Peruvian people. They carry ancient traditions and costumes, most of which are a heritage from the Inca Culture. Values like solidarity, empathy, and teamwork are their principal characteristics. For this reason, do not hesitate to ask someone on the streets if you don’t know about any address because they will gladly assist you. However, all is not yet rosy either. You have to know some tricks at the time of buying. For example, if you are about to buy some handicrafts, you have to haggle over the price. This fact is very common at the Peruvian markets. Another important fact is arranging the service of legal businesses. But, Why? Because 70% of little small businesses are illegal and you can fall into a scam. Therefore, take your time when you are looking for a travel agency to help in your purpose of making a perfect Peruvian trip.
The Peruvian generation how was born since 80’s received a good level of English education in their schools and university, therefore, feel free to ask in English in everywhere, Of course, to know some Spanish phrases like “Gracias”, “Por favor”, “Disculpe” will help you out in the rural areas where archaeological treasures in Peru are located.
OTHER INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT PERU
Some of the things that you might know about Peru and some interesting facts to learn are the following.
- The name of the country comes from the native Quechua language, which translated means “prosperity”.
- Although Spanish is spoken by over 80% of the population there are two other official languages, Quechua and Aymara, mostly spoken in the south of the country. Once you head into the jungle regions of Peru there are another 13 languages spoken.
- Potatoes originated in Peru and there are over 3000 varieties grown in Peru. In the country regions of Peru, you will find 55 varieties of corn.
- Two-thirds of Peru is covered by the Amazon rainforest, the Pacific Coast is a surfer’s paradise. Peru is also home to the world’s largest dune at 3860 feet and is located near Nazca.
- Without a doubt, Machu Picchu is the most popular tourist destination in Peru. In the Quechua language, which is one of the ancient languages of Peru, Machu Picchu means Old Peak or Old Mountain, Huayna Picchu that is the peak in front of Machu Picchu means Young Mountain or Peak.
- The Incas were some of the best masons in the world, the structures they built without technology need to be seen to be believed, they used a technique called ashlar, and this means that the stones were cut to fit together without mortar.
- Unfortunately, most of the Inca temples were lost when the Spanish conquered Peru, but Machu Picchu survived as it was hidden for centuries by lush jungle. This makes Machu Picchu the best example of Inca architecture we can visit today.
- Machu Picchu is made up of 150 buildings featuring baths, houses, temples, and sanctuaries. The compound contains more than 100 separate flights of stairs most made from a single piece of stone.
- Machu Picchu was thought to be an astronomical observatory and the sacred Intihuatana stone indicates this. Twice a year, the sun sits directly over the stone creating a shadow.
- The location of Machu Picchu is located in the eastern Andes Mountains in a tropical mountain forest; the site is 7970 feet above sea level and looks like it has been cut into the side of the mountain.
- The Incas arrived at Machu Picchu by a great network of roads and pathways. Today you can use some of these during your Machu Picchu tours to visit other tourist sites in Peru.
- Thought to be the first white man to see Machu Picchu, Hiram Bingham discovered the site in 1911, the Yale professor was looking for another famous site, when a local boy leads him to the site. Some believe that he was not the first but a German businessman who discovered Machu Picchu in 1874, it is thought that the German took many artifacts from the site, but this has never been proven.
- There are many theories as to why the Inca abandoned Machu Picchu, like that there was no water and that it had to be carried from the river below, or there was an outbreak of a disease but as there were nearly no corpses found at the site this seems unlikely. We may never know why it was deserted so it remains a mystery.
- The highlands of Peru have two seasons, wet and dry. Most people prefer the dry season but the rainy season has some advantages.
- Over recent years, Peru has become one of the top destinations for food. Thousands of people every year for the food experience. In large cities like Lima and Cusco, you will find many great restaurants to tantalize the taste buds.
On a Peru tourist map, you will find all the places you will want to visit in Peru. Take the time to study the marvelous destinations you will not want to miss out on something important. When to travel to Peru is a great question, depending on your vacation time, the weather that you prefer, and many other factors. However, do not miss out on your Peruvian holiday.
“GOING TO PERU IS, WELL, IF YOU EVER HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY IN YOUR LIFE TO GO THERE, YOU SHOULD DO IT BECAUSE IT IS ABSOLUTELY MIND-BOGGLING.”
Knowing where is Peru is vital to start organizing your adventure. The location of our country defines many geographic and climatic characteristics. And it is precisely these characteristics that make our country so wonderful. We hope together with the Machu Travel Peru team to have been helpful. If you want to know the location of our most attractive destinations, do not hesitate to contact us. Our qualified